Monday, 27 March 2017

Osteoporosis (Low bone density) - A quick read

If you are in your 30s then let me tell you one thing. Usually the build-up of bone occurs till the age of 30 years and after that maintenance is key to keep your bones safe. 

Why you should know about Osteoporosis 

Women are prone to certain diseases and need to take steps in the right direction early on to stay healthy. Osteoporosis  or low bone density is one of such disease. Osteoporosis is a condition of fragile bone with an increased risk of fractures. This disease weakens bone and increases risk of bones breaking. As per a research, one in three women above the age of 50 years will experience a fracture worldwide. And women with weak bone mass have high risk of developing Osteoporosis. However,Osteoporosis is a largely preventable problem.

Facts

Our bones are composed of protein, collagen, and calcium, all of which give bone its strength. With time bones lose their strength which is a natural thing. But this is dangerous when decrease in bone strength happens early in women's life. The bone mass decreases after 35 years of age, and bone loss occur more rapidly in women after menopause. Women with Osteoporosis usually see no symptoms until they get any fracture.Then an x-ray can diagnose the condition of having Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can cause either cracking of bones or collapsing.  The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis although osteoporosis-related fractures can occur in almost any skeletal bone.

Reasons

•          Smoking
•          Lack of exercise
•          Alcohol consumption
•          Poor nutrition food
•          Arthritis
•          Low Vitamin D
•          Low estrogen levels in women which may occur in menopause or with early surgical removal of both ovaries
•          Excess blood loss in menstruation in young women which is associated with low estrogen
•          Hyperthyroidism, a condition wherein too much thyroid hormone is produced by the thyroid gland

Did you know
Taking any calcium supplement don't help in keeping bones safe. Calcium intake should be taken based on age, condition (pregnant, nursing, elderly) and other medication.

Prevention

•          Lifestyle changes quitting cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol intake, exercising regularly, and consuming a balanced diet with good calcium and vitamin D
•          Medications that stop bone loss and increase bone strength and that increase bone formation (take consultation from doctor)
•          Eat greens dark greens
•          Start your day with Vit C
•          Eat figs, almond, coconut, Tofu, Fish

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